The Internet and the Elderly


Aalbers, T., Baars, M. A., & Rikkert, M. G. (2011). Characteristics of  effective Internet-mediated interventions to change lifestyle in people aged 50 and older: A systematic review. Ageing Research Reviews, 10, 487-497.

Adams, M. S., Oye, J., & Parker, T. S. (2003). Sexuality of older adults and the Internet: From sex education to cybersex. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 18, 405-415.

Adams, N., Stubbs, D., & Woods, V. (2005). Psychological barriers to Internet usage among older adults in the UK. Medical Informatics and the Internet in Medicine, 30, 3-17.

Allaire, J. C., McLaughlin, A. C., Trujillo, A., Whitlock, L. A., LaPorte, L., & Gandy, M. (2013). Successful aging through digital games: Socioemotional differences between older adult gamers and non-gamers. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1302-1306.

Alterovitz, S. S.-R, & Mendelsohn, G. A. (2009). Partner preferences across the life span: Online dating by older adults. Psychology & Aging, 24, 513-517.

Alterovitz, S. S.-R., & Mendelsohn, G. A. (2011). Partner preferences across the life span: Online dating by older adults. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 1, 89-95.

Arazi, B. (2009). Enhancing elderly utilization of social networks. International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 8, 199-206.

Askari, M., Eslami, S., Medlock, S., de Rooij, S. E., & Abu-Hanna, A. (2013). Fall-related information seeking behavior of seniors on the web. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 205, 647-651.


Baker, P. M. A., Bricout, J. C., Moon, N. W., Coughlan, B., & Pater, J. (2013). Communities of participation: A comparison of disability and aging identified groups on Facebook and LinkedIn. Telematics and Informatics, 30, 22-34.

Barker, V., (2012). A generational comparison of social networking site use: The influence of age and social identity. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 74, 163-187.

Barnard, Y., Bradley, M. D., Hodgson, F., & Lloyd, A. D. (2013). Learning to use new technologies by older adults: Perceived difficulties, experimentation behaviour and usability. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1715-1724.

Belchior, P., Marsiske, M., Sisco, S. M., Yam, A., Bavelier, D., Ball, K., & Mann, W. C. (2013). Video game training to improve selective visual attention in older adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1318-1324.

Berkowsky, R. W., Cotton, S. R., Yost, E. A., Winstead, V. P. (2013). Attitudes towards and limitations to ICT use in assisted and independent living communities: Findings from a specially-designed technological intervention. Educational Gerontology, 39, 797-811.

Berner, J., Rennemark, M., Jogréus, C., & Berglund, J. (2012). Distribution of personality, individual characteristics and Internet usage in Swedish older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 16, 119-126.

Blažun, H., Saranto, K., & Rissanen, S. (2012). Impact of computer training courses on reduction of loneliness of older people in Finland and Slovenia. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 1202-1212.

Blit-Cohen, E., & Litwin, H. (2004). Elder participation in cyberspace: A qualitative analysis of Israeli retirees. Journal of Aging Studies, 18, 385–398.

Blusi, M., Asplund, K., & Jong, M. (2013). Older family carers in rural areas: Experiences from using caregiver support services based on Information and Communication Technology (ICT). European Journal of Ageing, 10, 191-199.

Bond, G. E., Burr, R. L., Wolf, F. M., & Feldt, K. (2010). The effects of a web-based intervention on psychosocial well-being among adults aged 60 and older with diabetes. The Diabetes Educator, 36, 446-456.

Botella, C., Etchemendy, E.,  Castilla, D., Banos, R. M., Garcıa-Palacios, A., Quero, S., Alcaniz, M., & Lozano, J. A. (2009). An e-Health system for the elderly (Butler Project): A pilot study on acceptance and satisfaction. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 255-262.

Bozoki, A., Radovanovic, M., Winn, B., Heeter, C., & Anthony, J. C. (2013). Effects of a computer-based cognitive exercise program on age-related cognitive decline. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 57, 1-7.

Brandt, J., & Rogerson, M. (2011). Preliminary findings from an Internet-based dementia risk assessment. Alzheimer’s & Dementia, 7, 94-100.

Braun, M. T. (2013). Obstacles to social networking website use among older adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 673-680.

Bucur, A., Renold, C., & Henke, M. (1999). How do older netcitizens compare with their younger counterparts? CyberPsychology & Behavior, 2, 505-513.

Burgess, A. W., & Morgenbesser, L. I. (2005). Sexual violence and seniors. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, 5, 193-202.

Buse, C. E. (2009). When you retire, does everything become leisure? Information and communication technology use and the work/leisure boundary in retirement. New Media & Society, 11, 1143-1161.

Butler, F. R., & Baghi, H. (2008). Using the Internet to facilitate positive attitudes of college students toward aging and working with older adults. Journal of Intergenerational Relationships, 6, 175-189.


Campbell, R. (2004). Older women and the Internet. Journal of Women & Aging, 16, 161-174.

Campbell, R. J. (2008).  Meeting seniors' information needs: Using computer technology. Home Health Care Management & Practice, 20, 328-335.

Cangelosi, P. R., & Sorrell, J. M. (2014). Use of technology to enhance mental health for older adults. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52, 17-20.

Carpenter, B. D., & Buday, S. (2007). Computer use among older adults in a naturally occurring retirement community. Computers in Human Behavior, 23, 3012-3024.

Chaffin, A. J., & Maddux, C. D. (2007). Accessibility accommodations for older adults seeking e-health information. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 33, 6-12.

Chang, B. L. (2004). Internet intervention for community elders: Process and feasibility. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 26, 461-466.

Chang, S. J., & Im, E.-O. (2014). A path analysis of Internet health information seeking behaviors among older adults. Geriatric Nursing, 35, 137-141.

Charness, N., & Boot, W. R. (2009). Aging and information technology use. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 253-258.

Chattaraman, V., Kwon, W.-S., & Gilbert, J. E. (2012). Virtual agents in retail web sites: Benefits of simulated social interaction for older users. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 2055-2066.

Chaudhuri, S., Le, T., White, C., Thompson, H., & Demiris, G. (2013). Examining health information-seeking behaviors of older adults. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 31, 547-553.

Chen, Y., & Persson, A. (2002). Internet use among young and older adults: Relation to psychological well-being. Educational Gerontology, 28, 731-744.

Choudrie, J., & Vyas, A. (2014). Silver surfers adopting and using Facebook? A quantitative study of Hertfordshire, UK, applied to organizational and social change. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 89, 293-305.

Chu, A., Huber, J., Mastel-Smith, B., & Cesario, S. (2009). ‘‘Partnering with Seniors for Better Health’’: Computer use and Internet health information retrieval among older adults in a low socioeconomic community. Journal of Medical Library Association, 97, 12-20.

Chu, A., & Mastel-Smith, B. (2010). The outcomes of anxiety, confidence, and self-efficacy with Internet health information retrieval in older adults: A pilot study. Computers Informatics Nursing, 28, 222-228.

Chu, R. J.-C., & Tsai, C.-C. (2009). Self-directed learning readiness, Internet self-efficacy and preferences towards constructivist Internet-based learning environments among higher-aged adults. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 25, 489-501.

Clark, D. J. (2002). Older adults living through and with  their computers. Computers, Informatics & Nursing, 20 (3), 117-124.

Cody, M. J., Dunn, D., Hoppin, S., & Wendt, P. (1999). Silver surfers: Training and evaluating Internet use among older adult learners. Communication Education,48, 269-286.

Cotten, S. R., Ford, G., Ford, S., & Hale, T. M. (2012). Internet use and depression among older adults. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 496-499.

Cotten, S. R., Ford, G., Ford, S., & Hale, T. M. (2014). Internet use and depression among retired older adults in the United States: A longitudinal analysis. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 69, 763-771.

Crabb, R. M., Cavanagh, K., Proudfoot, J., Learmonth, D., Rafie, S., & Weingardt, K. R. (2012). Is computerized cognitive-behavioural therapy a treatment option for depression in late-life? A systematic review. British Journal of Clinical Psychology, 51, 459-464.

Crabb, R. M., Rafie, S., & Weingardt, K. R. (2012). Health-related Internet use in older primary care patients. Gerontology, 58, 164-170.

Cresci, M. K., Jarosz, P. A., & Templin, T. N. (2012). Are health answers online for older adults? Educational Gerontology, 38, 10-19.

Cresci, M. K., & Novak, J. M. (2012). Information technologies as health management tools: Urban elders' interest and ability in using' the Internet. Educational Gerontology, 38, 491-506.

Cresci, M. K., Yarandi, H. N., & Morrell, R. W. (2010). Pro-nets versus no-nets: Differences in urban older adults predilections for Internet use. Educational Gerontology, 36, 500-520.

Czaja, S. J., Sharit, J., Hernandez, M. A., Nair, S. N., Loewenstein, D. (2010). Variability among older adults in Internet health information-seeking performance. Gerontechnology, 9, 46-55.


Darby, D. G., Fredrickson, J., Pietrzak, R. H., Maruff, P., Woodward, M., & Brodtmann, A. (2014). Reliability and usability of an Internet-based computerized cognitive testing battery in community-dwelling older people. Computers in Human Behavior, 30, 199-205.

Dauz, E., Moore, J., Smith, C. E., Puno, F., & Schaag, H. (2004). Installing computers in older adults' homes and teaching them to access a patient education Web site: A systematic approach. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 22, 266-272.

Dear, B. F., Zou, J., Titov, N., Lorian, C., Johnston, L., Spence, J., Anderson, T., Sachdev, P., Brodaty, H., & Knight, R. G. (2012). Internet-delivered cognitive behavioural therapy for depression: A feasibility open trial for older adults. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47, 169-176.

Dear, B. F., Zou, J. B., Ali, S., Lorian, C. N., Johnston, L., Terides, M. D., Staples, L. G., Gandy, M., Fogliati, V. J., Klein, B., & Titov, N. (2015). Examining self-guided internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for older adults with symptoms of anxiety and depression: Two feasibility open trials. Internet Interventions, 2, 17-23.

Dickinson, A., & Gregor, P. (2006). Computer use has no demonstrated impact on the well-being of older adults. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 64, 744-753.

Dickinson, A., & Gregor, P. (2008). Response to Shapira et al. Aging & Mental Health,12, 410.

Diño, M. J. S., & de Guzman, A. B. (2014). Using partial least squares (PLS) in predicting behavioral intention for telehealth use among Filipino elderly. Educational Gerontology, 41, 53-68.

Dougherty, J. H. J., Cannona, R. L., Nicholas, C. R., Hall, L., Hare, F., Carr, E., Dougherty, A., Janowitz, J., & Arunthamakun, Jj. (2010). The computerized self test (CST): An interactive, Internet accessible cognitive screening test for dementia. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 20, 185-195.

Dunning, T. (2004). Aging, activities, and the Internet. Adaptation & Aging, 28, 75-76.

Dunning, T. (2007). Aging, activities and the Internet: Senior adult friendly search engines. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 31, 61-62.

Dunning, T. (2008). Aging, activities, and the Internet. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 32, 59-62.

Dunning, T. (2009). Online communities and aging. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 33, 263-264.


Eastman, J. K., Iyer, R. (2005). The impact of cognitive age on Internet use of the elderly: An introduction to the public policy implications. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 29, 125-136.

Echt, K. V., & Burridge, A. B. (2011). Predictors of reported Internet use in older adults with high and low health literacy: The role of socio-demographics and visual and cognitive function. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, 29, 23-43.

Etcheverry, I., Terrier, P., & Marquié, J.-C. (2012). Are older adults less efficient in making attributions about the origin of memories for web interaction? Revue Européenne de Psychologie Appliquée, 62, 93-102.


Firth, L., Mellor, D. (2009). Dilettantism in investigating the impact of the Internet on the wellbeing of the elderly. Quality & Quantity, 43, 185-196.

Flynn, K. E., Smith, M. A., & Freese, J. (2006). When do older adults turn to the Internet for health information? Findings from the Wisconsin longitudinal study. Journal of Global Information Management, 21, 1-7.

Fokkema, T., & Knipscheer, K. (2007). Escape loneliness by going digital: A quantitative and qualitative evaluation of Dutch experiment in using ECT to overcome loneliness among older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 11, 496-504.

Fozard, J. L., & Kearns, W. D. (2007). Technology, aging, and communication. In G. Lesnoff-Caravaglia (Ed.), Gerontechnology: Growing old in a technological society (pp. 271-291). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Freddolino, P. P., Lee, V. W. P., Law, C.-K., & Ho, C. (2010). To help and to learn: An exploratory study of peer tutors teaching older adults about technology. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 28, 217-239.

Freeman, E. D., Clare, L., Savitch, N., Royan, L., Litherland, R., & Lindsay, M. (2005). Improving Website accessibility for people with early-stage dementia: A preliminary investigation. Aging and Mental Health, 9, 442-448.

Freese, J., Rivas, S., & Hargittai, E. (2006). Cognitive ability and Internet use among older adults. Poetics, 34, 236-249.

Frennert, S. A., Forsberg, A., & Ostlund, B. (2013). Elderly people’s perceptions of a telehealthcare system: Relative advantage, compatibility, complexity and observability. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 31, 218-237.

Fuglsang, L. (2005). IT and senior citizens: Using the Internet for empowering active citizenship. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 30, 468-495.


Galvin, J. E., Meuser, T. M., Boise, L., & Connell, C. M. (2011). Internet-based dementia resources: Physician attitudes and practices. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 30, 513-523.

Gatto, S. L., & Tak, S. H. (2008). Computer, Internet, and e-mail use among older adults: Benefits and barriers. Educational Gerontology, 34, 800-811.

Gietzelt, D. (2001). Computer and Internet use among a group of Sydney seniors: A pilot study. Australian Academic & Research Libraries, 32, 137-152.

Gilleard, C., & Higgs, P. (2008). Internet use and the digital divide in the English longitudinal study of ageing. European Journal Ageing, 5, 233-239.

Gilleard, C., Hyde, M., & Higgs, P. (2007). Community and communication in the third age: The impact of Internet and cell phone use on attachment to place in later life in England. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 62, 276-283.

González, A., Ramírez, M. P., & Viadel, V. (2012). Attitudes of the elderly toward information and communications technologies. Educational Gerontology, 38, 585-594.

Gray, L., & Wootton, R. (2008). Innovations in aged care: Comprehensive geriatric assessment ‘online’. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 27, 205-208.

Grimes, G. A., Hough, M. G., Mazur, E., & Signorella, M. L. (2010). Older adults' knowledge of Internet hazards. Educational Gerontology, 36, 173-192.

Gusi, N., Prieto, J., & Forte, D. (2008). Needs, interests, and limitations for the promotion of health and exercise by a web site for sighted and blind elderly people: A qualitative exploratory study. Educational Gerontology, 34, 449-461.


Hakkarainen, P. (2012). ‘No good for shovelling snow and carrying firewood’: Social representations of computers and the Internet by elderly Finnish non-users. New Media & Society, 14, 1198-1215.

Hara, Y., & Kashimura, K. (2010). Cognitive aging and rich Internet applications: Usability problems of ajax based on the empirical study of older adults. Japanese Psychological Research, 52, 216-226.

Hardt, J. H., & Hollis-Sawyer, L. (2007). Older adults seeking healthcare information on the Internet. Educational Gerontology, 33, 561-572.

Harley, D., & Fitzpatrick, G. (2009). Creating a conversational context through video blogging: A case study of Geriatric1927. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 679-689.

Harrod, M. (2011). “I have to keep going”: Why some older adults are using the Internet for health information. Ageing International, 36, 283-294.

Hart, T. A., Chaparro, B. S., & Halcomb, C. G. (2008). Evaluating websites for older adults: Adherence to 'senior-friendly' guidelines and end-user performance. Behaviour & Information Technology, 27, 191-199.

Heart, T., & Kaldero, E. (2013). Older adults: Are they ready to adopt health-related ICT? International Journal of Medical Informatics, 82, 209-231.

Henke, M. (1999). Promoting independence in older persons through the Internet. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 2, 521-527.

Heo, J., Kim, J., & Won, Y.-S. (2011). Exploring the relationship between Internet use and leisure satisfaction among older adults. Activities, Adaptation & Aging, 35, 43-54.

Hernandez-Encuentra, E., Pousada, M., & Gomez-Zu niga, B. (2009). ICT and older people: Beyond usability. Educational Gerontology, 35, 226-245.

Hill, R., Betts, L. R., & Gardner, S. E. (2015). Older adults’ experiences and perceptions of digital technology: (Dis)empowerment, wellbeing, and inclusion. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 415-423.

Hill, R., Beynon-Davies, P., & Williams, M. D. (2008). Older people and Internet engagement acknowledging social moderators of Internet adoption, access and use. Information Technology & People, 21, 244-266.

Hogeboom, D. L., McDermott, R. J., Perrin, K. M., Osman, H., & Bell-Ellison, B. A. (2010). Internet use and social networking among middle aged and older adults. Educational Gerontology, 36, 93-111.

Hong, S.-J., Lui, C. S. M., Hahn, J., Moon, J. Y., & Kim, T. G. (2013). How old are you really? Cognitive age in technology acceptance. Decision Support Systems, 56, 122-130.

Hossain, M. A. (2014). Perspectives of human factors in designing elderly monitoring system. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 63-68.

Huyser de Bernardo, D., & Curtis, A. (2013). Using online and paper surveys: The effectiveness of mixed-mode methodology for populations over 50. Research on Aging, 35, 220-240.


Infeld, D. L., & Adams, W. C. (2013). Using the Internet for gerontology education: Assessing and improving Wikipedia. Educational Gerontology, 39, 707-716.


Jaeger, P. T. (2009). Developing online community accessibility guidelines for persons with disabilities and older adults. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 20, 55-63.

Jung, Y., Peng, W., Moran, M., Jin, S.-A. A., McLaughlin, M., Cody, M., Jordan-Marsh, M., Albright, J., & Silverstein, M. (2010). Low-income minority seniors' enrollment in a cybercafé: Psychological barriers to crossing the digital divide. Educational Gerontology, 36, 193-212.

Juntunen, A., & Heikkinen, E. (2004). Lessons from interprofessional e-learning: Piloting a care of the elderly module. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 18, 269-278.


Kanayama, T. (2003). Ethnographic research on the experience of Japanese elderly people online. New Media & Society, 5, 267-288.

Karavidas, M., Lim, N. K., & Katsikas, S. L. (2005). The effects of computers on older adult users. Computers in Human Behavior, 21, 679-711.

Khatri, N., Marziali, E., Tchernikov, I., & Shepherd, N. (2014). Comparing telehealth-based and clinic-based group cognitive behavioral therapy for adults with depression and anxiety: A pilot study. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 765-770.

Khvorostianov, N., Elias, N., & Nimrod, G. (2012). ‘Without it I am nothing’: The Internet in the lives of older immigrants. New Media & Society, 14, 583-599.

Kiel, J. M. (2005). The digital divide: Internet and e-mail use by the elderly. Medical Informatics and the Internet in Medicine, 30, 19-23.

Kirk, J. J., & Belovics, R. (2005). An unofficial guide to online resources for working with older workers. Journal of Employment Counseling, 42, 60-66.

Knaevelsrud, C., Böttche, M., Pietrzak, R. H., Freyberger, H. J., Renneberg, B., & Kuwert, P. (2014). Integrative testimonial therapy: An Internet-based, therapist-assisted therapy for German elderly survivors of the World War II with posttraumatic stress symptoms. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 202, 651-658.

Koopman-Boyden, P. G., & Reid, S. L. (2009). Internet/e-mail usage and well-being among 65-84 year olds in New Zealand: Policy implications. Educational Gerontology, 35, 990-1007.

Kuo, H. M., Chen, C. W., & Chen, C. W. (2010). A behavioral model of the elderly Internet consumer: A case study. International Journal of Innovative Computing Information and Control, 6, 3507-3518.

Kwok, T., Au, A., Wong, B., Ip, I., Mak, V., & Ho, F. (2014). Effectiveness of online cognitive behavioral therapy on family caregivers of people with dementia. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 9, 631-636.


Lagana, L. (2008). Enhancing the attitudes and self-efficacy of older adults toward computers and the Internet: Results of a pilot study. Educational Gerontology, 34, 831-843.

Lagana, L., Oliver, T., Ainsworth, A., & Edwards, M. (2011). Enhancing computer self-efficacy and attitudes in multi-ethnic older adults: A randomised controlled study. Ageing & Society, 31, 911-933.

Lam, L., & Lam, M. (2009). The use of information technology and mental health among older care-givers in Australia. Aging & Mental Health, 13, 557-562.

Larsson, E., Larsson-Lund, M., & Nilsson, I. (2013). Internet based activities (IBAs): Seniors’ experiences of the conditions required for the performance of and the influence of these conditions on their own participation in society. Educational Gerontology, 39, 155-167.

Larsson, E., Nilsson, I., & Lund, M. L. (2013). Participation in social Internet-based activities: Five seniors’ intervention processes. Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 20, 471-480.

Leavengood, L. B. (2001). Older people and Internet use. Generations, 25, 69-71.

Lee, B., Chen, Y., & Hewitt, L. (2011). Age differences in constraints encountered by seniors in their use of computers and the Internet. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1231-1237.

Lehning, A. J., Scharlach, A. E., & Dal Santo, T. S. (2010). A web-based approach for helping communities become more “aging friendly". Journal of Applied Gerontology, 29, 415-433.

Leist, A. K. (2013). Social media use of older adults: A mini-review. Gerontology, 59, 378-384.

Lian, J.-W., & Yen, D. C. (2014). Online shopping drivers and barriers for older adults: Age and gender differences. Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 133-143.

Lin, D.-Y. M. (2003). Hypertext for the aged: Effects of text topologies. Computers in Human Behavior, 19, 201-209.

Lin, Y.-C., Liang, J.-C., Yang, C.-J., Tsai, C.-C. (2013). Exploring middle-aged and older adults’ sources of Internet self-efficacy: A case study. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2733-2743.

Liu, C.-L. (2010). The impact of goods-classification and landmarks for spatial knowledge and goods-finding in the elderly within a 3D virtual store. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1777-1786.

Lorig, K., Thompson-Gallagher, D., Traylor, L., Ritter, P. L., Laurent, D. D., Plant, K., Thompson, L. W., & Hahn, T. J. (2012). Building better caregivers: A pilot online support workshop for family caregivers of cognitively impaired adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 31, 423-437.

Lovisi, G. M. (2012). The relationship between elderly suicide rates and the Internet: A cross-national study. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58, 337.

Lynch, K. R., Schwerha, D. J., & Johanson, G. A. (2013). Development of a weighted heuristic for website evaluation for older adults. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 29, 404-418.


Macfarlane, H., Kinirons, M. T., & Bultitude, M. F. (2012). WWW: Do not forget older people. Age and Ageing, 41, 807-810.

Mahoney, D. F. (2011). An evidence-based adoption of technology model for remote monitoring of elders’ daily activities. Ageing International, 36, 66-81.

Manafo, E. (2012). Exploring older adults’ health information seeking behaviors. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 44, 85-89.

Marziali, E., & Donahue, P. (2006). Caring for others: Internet video-conferencing group intervention for family caregivers of older adults with neurodegenerative disease. The Gerontologist, 46, 398-403.

Marziali, E., & Garcia, L. J. (2011). Dementia caregivers’ responses to 2 Internet-based intervention programs. American Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease & Other Dementias, 26, 36-43.

McCausland, L., & Falk, N. L. (2012). From dinner table to digital tablet: Technology's potential for reducing loneliness in older adults. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 50, 22-26.

McIntosh, W. D., Locker, L., Jr., Briley, K., Ryan, R., & Scott, A. J. (2011). What do older adults seek in their potential romantic partners? Evidence from online personal ads. International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 72, 67-82.

McMellon, C. A., & Schiffman, L. G. (2002). Cybersenior empowerment: How some older individuals are taking control of their lives. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 21, 157-175.

McMillan, S. J., Avery, E. J., & Macias, W. (2008). From have nots to watch dogs: Understanding Internet health communication behaviors of online senior citizens. Information, Communication & Society, 11, 675-697.

McMillan, S. J., & Macias, W. (2008). Strengthening the safety net for online seniors: Factors influencing differences in health information seeking among older Internet users. Journal of Health Communication, 13, 778-792.

McWilliams, S., & Barrett, A. E. (2013). Online dating in middle and later life: Gendered expectations and experiences. Journal of Family Issues, 35, 411-436.

Meischke, H., Eisenberg, M., Rowe, S., & Cagle, A. (2005). Do older adults use the Internet for information on heart attacks? Results from a survey of seniors in King County. Heart and Lung, 34, 3-12.

Mitzner, T. L., Boron, J. B., Fausset, C. B., Adams, A. E., Charness, N., Czaja, S. J., Dijkstra, K., Fisk, A. D., Rogers, W. A., & Sharit, J. (2010). Older adults talk technology: Technology usage and attitudes. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1710-1721.

Morrell, R. W., Mayhorn, C. B., & Bennett, J. (2000). A survey of World Wide Web use in middle-age and older adults. Human Factors, 42, 175-182.

Mukherjee, D. (2010). An exploratory study of older adults' engagement with virtual volunteerism. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 28, 188-196.

Mukherjee, D. (2011). Participation of older adults in virtual volunteering: A qualitative analysis. Ageing International, 36, 253-266.


Nacke, L. E., Nacke, A., & Lindley, C. A. (2009). Brain training for silver gamers: Effects of age and game form on effectiveness, efciency, self-assessment, and gameplay experience. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 493-499.

Nahm, E. S., Barker, B., Resnick, B., Covington, B., Magaziner, J., & Brennan, P. F. (2010). Effects of a social cognitive theory-based hip fracture prevention web site for older adults. Computers Informatics Nursing, 28, 371-379.

Nahm, E. S., Preece, J., Resnick, B., & Mills, M. E. (2004). Usability of health Web sites for older adults: A preliminary study. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 22, 326-34.

Nahm, E. S., & Resnick, B. (2001). Homebound older adults' experiences with the Internet and e-mail. Computers in Nursing, 19, 257-263.

Nahm, E.-S., Resnick, B., DeGrezia, M., & Brotemarkle, R. (2009). Use of discussion boards in a theory-based health web site for older adults. Nursing Resarch, 58, 419-426.

Nahm E. S., Resnick, B., & Gaines, J. (2004). Testing the reliability and validity of computer-mediated support measures among older adults: A pilot study. Computers, Informatics, Nursing, 22, 211-219.

Näsi, M., Räsänen, P., & Sarpila, O. (2012). ICT activity in later life: Internet use and leisure activities amongst senior citizens in Finland. European Journal of Ageing, 9, 169-176.

Nasmith, W., & Parkinson, M. (2008). Senior citizens embrace change and make a new technology work for them. Electronic Library, 26, 673-682.

Nayak, L. U. S., Priest, L., & White, A. P. (2010). An application of the technology acceptance model to the level of Internet usage by older adults. Universal Access in the Information Society, 9, 367-374.

Nef, T., Ganea, R. L., Muri, R. M., & Mosimann, U. P. (2013). Social networking sites and older users – A systematic review. International Psychogeriatrics, 25, 1041-1053.

Nelson, C. B., Abraham, K. M., Walters, H., Pfeiffer, P. N., & Valenstein, M. (2014). Integration of peer support and computer-based CBT for veterans with depression. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 57-64.

Niemelä, R., Huotari, M.-L., & Kortelainen, T. (2012). Enactment and use of information and the media among older adults. Library & Information Science Research, 34, 212-219.

Nimrod, G. (2009). The Internet as a resource in older adults' leisure. International Journal on Disability and Human Development, 8, 207-214.

Nimrod, G. (2010). Seniors’ online communities: A quantitative content analysis. The Gerontologist, 50, 382-392.

Nimrod, G. (2010). The fun culture in seniors’ online communities. The Gerontologist, 51, 226-237.

Nimrod, G. (2013). Probing the audience of seniors’ online communities. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 68, 773–782.

Noel, J. G., & Epstein, J. (2003). Social support and health among senior Internet users: Results of an Online survey. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 21(3), 35-54.

Nugent, C. D. (2007). ICT in the elderly and dementia. Aging & Mental Health, 11, 473-476.

Nyman, S. R., Hogarth, A. H., Ballinger, C., & Victor, C. (2011). Representations of old age in falls prevention websites: Implications for likely uptake of advice by older people. British Journal of Occupational Therapy, 74, 366-374.

Nyman, S. R., & Yardley, L. (2009). Usability and acceptability of a website that provides tailored advice on falls prevention activities for older people. Health Informatics Journal, 15, 27-39.


Ofei-Dodoo, S., Medvene, L. J., Nilsen, K. M., Smith, R. A., & DiLollo, A. (2015). Exploring the potential of computers to enrich home and community-based services clients' social networks. Educational Gerontology, 41, 216-225.

Olphert, W., & Damodaran, L. (2013). Older people and digital disengagement: A fourth digital divide. Gerontology, 59, 564-570.

Olson, K. E., O’Brien, M. A., Rogers, W. A., & Charness, N. (2011). Diffusion of technology: Frequency of use for younger and older adults. Ageing International, 36, 123-145.

Opalinski, L. (2001). Older adults and the digital divide: Assessing results of web-based survey. Journal of Technology in Human Services, 18, 203-221.

Ordonez, T. N., Yassuda, M. S., & Cachioni, M. (2011). Elderly  online: Effects of a digital inclusion program in cognitive performance. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 53, 216-219.


Pan, S., & Jordan-Marsh, M. (2010). Internet use intention and adoption among Chinese older adults: From the expanded technology acceptance model perspective. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1111-1119.

Petrovic, K. (2013). Respite and the Internet: Accessing care for older adults in the 21st Century. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2448-2452.

Pfeil, U., Zaphiris, P., & Wilson, S. (2009). Older adults’ perceptions and experiences of online social support. Interacting with Computers, 21, 159-172.

Pfeil, U., Zaphiris, P., & Wilson, P. (2010). The role of message-sequences in the sustainability of an online support community for older people. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication,15, 336-363.

Proyer, R. T., Gander, F., Wellenzohn, S., & Ruch, W. (2014). Positive psychology interventions in people aged 50-79 years: Long-term effects of placebo-controlled online interventions on well-being and depression. Aging & Mental Health, 18, 997-1005.


Raban, Y., & Brynin, M. (2006). Older people and new technologies. In R. Kraut, M. Brynin, & S. Kiesler (Eds.), Computers, phones, and the Internet: Domesticating information technology (pp. 43-50). New York: Oxford University Press.

Ramon-Jeronimo, M. A., Peral-Peral, B., & Arenas-Gaitan, J. (2013). Elderly persons and Internet use. Social Science Computer Review, 31, 389-403.

Rau, P. P., & Hsu, J. (2005). Interaction devices and Web design for novice older users. Educational Gerontology, 31, 19-40.

Reisenwitz, T., Iyer, R., Kuhlmeier, D. B., & Eastman, J. K. (2007). The elderly's Internet usage: An updated look. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 24, 406-418.

Remillard, M. L., Mazor, K. M., Cutrona, S. L., Gurwitz, J. H., & Tjia, J. (2014).  Systematic review of the use of online questionnaires of older adults. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 62, 696-705.

Robertson-Lang,  L., & Major, S. (2011). An exploration of search patterns and credibility issues among older adults seeking online health information. Canadian Journal on Aging, 30, 631-645.

Rodríguez, M. D., Gonzalez, V. M., Favela, J., & Santana, P. C. (2009). Home-based communication system for older adults and their remote family. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 609-618.

Rosso, A. L., Taylor, J. A., Tabb, L. P., & Michael, Y. L. (2013). Mobility, disability, and social engagement in older adults. Journal of Aging and Health, 25, 617-637.

Russell, C., Campbell, A., & Hughes, I. (2008). Ageing, social capital and the Internet: Findings from an exploratory study of Australian ‘silver surfers’. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 27 78-82.

Ryu, M.-H., Kim, S., & Lee, E. (2009). Understanding the factors affecting online elderly user’s participation in video UCC services. Computers in Human Behavior, 25, 619-632.


Sanders, M. J., O’Sullivan, B., DeBurra, K., & Fedner, A. (2013). Computer training for seniors: An academic-community partnership. Educational Gerontology, 39, 179-193.

Savolainen, L., Hanson, E., Magnusson, L,. & Gustavsson, T. (2008). An Internet-based videoconferencing system for supporting frail elderly people and their carers. Journal of Telemedicine & Telecare, 14, 79-82.

Sayago, S., & Blat, J. (2010). Telling the story of older people e-mailing: An ethnographical study. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 68, 105-120.

Schmiedek, F., Bauer, C., Lövdén, M., Brose, A., & Lindenberger, U. (2010). Cognitive enrichment in old age: Web-based training programs. Journal of Gerontopsychology and Geriatric Psychiatry, 23, 59-67.

Seals, C. D., Clanton, K., Agarwal, R., Doswell, F., & Thomas, C. M. (2008). Lifelong learning: Becoming computer savvy at a later age. Educational Gerontology, 34, 1055-1069.

Seckin, G. (2012). Using hierarchical multivariate analysis to examine interactions between alternative appraisals of cancer and virtual health support among middle-aged and older Internet users: Predicting positive self-reappraisal after cancer. Research on Aging, 35, 688-709.

Selwyn, N. (2004). The information aged: A qualitative study of older adults’ use of information and communications technology. Journal of Aging Studies, 18, 369–384.

Shah, A. (2009). The use of the Internet for research on suicide in the elderly. In L. Sher and A. Vilens (Eds.), Internet and suicide (pp. 273-283). New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Shah, M. N., Swanson, P. A., Nobay, F., Peterson, L.-K. N., Caprio, T. V., & Karuza, J. (2012). A novel Internet-based geriatric education program for emergency medical services providers. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 60, 1749-1754.

Shapira, N., Barak, A. & Gal, I. (2007). Promoting older adults' well-being through Internet training and use. Aging & Mental Health, 11, 477-484.

Sheng, X., & Simpson, P. M. (2013). Seniors, health information, and the Internet: Motivation, ability, and Internet knowledge. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 740-746.

Sintonen, S., & Immonen, M. (2013). Telecare services for aging people: Assessment of critical factors influencing the adoption intention. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1307-1317.

Siriaraya, F., Ang, C.S., & Bobrowicz, A. (2014). Exploring the potential of virtual worlds in engaging older people and supporting healthy aging. Behaviour & Information Technology, 33, 283-294.

Small, G. W., Moody, T. D., Siddarth, P., & Bookheimer, S. Y. (2009). Your brain on Google: Patterns of cerebral activation during Internet searching. The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 17, 116-126.

Siegers, K., van Boxtel, M. P. J., & Jolles, J. (2007). The effects of computer training and Internet usage on the use of everyday technology by older adults: a randomized controlled study. Educational Gerontology, 33, 91-110.

Siriaraya, P., & Ang, C. S. (2012). Characteristics and usage patterns of older people in a 3D online multi-user virtual environment. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 1873-1882.

Slegers, K., van Boxtel, M. P. J., & Jolles, J. (2008). Effects of computer training and Internet usage on the well-being and quality of life of older adults: A randomized, controlled study. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 63, 176-184 .

Slegers, K., van Boxtell, M., & Jolles, J. (2009). Effects of computer training and Internet usage on cognitive abilities in older adults: A randomized controlled study. Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, 21, 43-54.

Slegers, K., van Boxtel, M. P. J., & Jolles, J. (2012). Computer use in older adults: Determinants and the relationship with cognitive change over a 6 year episode. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 1–10.

Sourbati, M. (2009). ‘It could be useful, but not for me at the moment’: Older people, Internet access and e-public service provision. New Media & Society, 11, 1083-1101.

Stark-Wroblewski, K., Edelbaum, J. K., & Ryan, J. J. (2007). Senior citizens who use e-mail. Educational Gerontology, 33, 293-307.

Strombeck, R. (2003). Finding sex partners on-line: A new high-risk practice among older adults? Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes, 33, 226-228.

Sum, S., Mathews, R. M, & Hughes, I. (2009). Participation of older adults in cyberspace: How Australian older adults use the Internet. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 28, 189-193.

Sum, S., Mathews, R. M., Hughes, I., & Campbell, A. (2008). Internet use and loneliness in older adults. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 208-211.

Sum, S., Mathews, M. R., Pourghasem, M., & Hughes, I. (2008). Internet technology and social capital: How the Internet affects seniors’ social capital and wellbeing. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 14, 202-220.

Sum, S., Mathews, R. M., Pourghasem, M., & Hughes, I. (2009). Internet use as a predictor of sense of community in older people. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 12, 235-239.


Tak, S. H., & Hong, S. H. (2005). Use of the Internet for health information by older adults with arthritis. Orthopaedic Nursing, 24, 134-138.

Titov, N., Dear, B. F., Ali, S., Zou, J. B., Lorian, C. N., Johnston, L., Terides, M. D., Kayrouz, R., Klein, B., Gandy, M., & Fogliati, V. J. (2015). Clinical and cost-effectiveness of therapist-guided Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy for older adults with symptoms of depression: A randomized controlled trial. Behavior Therapy, 46, 193–205.

Trocchia, P. J., & Janda, S. (2000). A phenomenological investigation of Internet usage among older individuals. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 17, 605-616.

Tse, M. M. Y., Choi, K. C. Y., & Leung, R. S.W. (2008). E-health for older people: The use of technology in health promotion. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 475-479.

Tseng, K. C., Hsu, C.-L., &Chuang, Y.-H. (2012). Acceptance of information technology and the Internet by people aged over fifty in Taiwan. Social Behavior and Personality, 40, 613-622.

Turner, P., Turner, S., & van de Walle, G. (2007). How older people account for their experiences with interactive technology. Behaviour & Information Technology, 26, 287-296.


Uchida, H., Hata, Y., Matsuura, S., Morotomi, Y., & Aoyama, H. (2002). An evaluation of use of information technology equipment among Japanese elderly women – relation between health status and the preferred input device for the Internet. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 13, 47-50.


van Schaik, P., Blake, J., Pernet, F., Spears, I., & Fencott, C. (2008). Virtual augmented exercise gaming for older adults. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 103-106.

Vroman, K. G., Arthanat, S., & Lysack, C. (2015). “Who over 65 is online?”: Older adults’ dispositions toward information communication technology. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 156-166.


Wagner, N., Hassanein, K., & Head, M. (2010). Computer use by older adults: A multi-disciplinary review. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 870-882.

Wagner, N., Hassanein, K., & Head, M. (2014). The impact of age on website usability. Computers in Human Behavior, 37, 270–282.

Weaver, C. K., Zorn, T., & Richardson, M. (2010). Goods not wanted: Older people’s narratives of computer use rejection. Information, Communication & Society, 13, 696-721.

Werner, J. M., Carlson, M., Jordan-Marsh, M., & Clark, F. (2011). Predictors of computer use in community-dwelling, ethnically diverse older adults. Human Factors, 53, 431-447.

White, H., McConnell, E., Clipp, E., Branch, L. G., Sloane, R., Pieper, C., & Box, T. L. (2002). A randomized controlled trial of the psychosocial impact of providing Internet training and access to older adults. Aging & Mental Health, 6, 213-221.

Whitehead, S. H., Nyman, S. R., Broaders, F., Skelton, D. A., & Todd, C. J. (2012). The quality of English-language websites offering falls-prevention advice to older members of the public and their families. Health Informatics Journal, 18, 50-65.

Williamson, K., & Asla, T. (2009). Information behavior of people in the fourth age: Implications for the conceptualization of information literacy. Library & Information Science Research, 31, 76-83.

Wilson, C., Flight, I., Hart, E., Turnbull, D., Cole, S., & Young, G. (2008). Internet access for delivery of health information to South Australians older than 50. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 32, 174-176.

Wong, C. K. M., Yeung, D. Y., Ho, H. C. Y., Tse, K.-P., & Lam, C.-Y. (2014). Chinese older adults’ Internet use for health information. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 33, 316-335.

Wright, K. (2000). Computer-mediated social support, older adults, and coping. Journal of Communication, 50, 100-118.


Xavier, A. J., d’Orsi, E., de Oliveira, C. M., Orrell, M., Demakakos, P., Biddulph, J. P., & Marmot, M. G. (2014). English longitudinal study of aging: Can Internet/e-mail use reduce cognitive decline? Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 69, 1117-1121.

Xie, B. (2007). Older Chinese, the Internet, and well-being. Care Management Journals, 8, 33-38.

Xie, B. (2008). Multimodal computer-mediated communication and social support among older Chinese Internet users. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13, 728-750.

Xie, B. (2009). Older adults health information wants in the Internet age: Implications for patient-provider relationships. Journal of Health Communication, 14, 510-524.

Xie, B. (2011). Older adults, e-health literacy, and collaborative learning: An experimental study. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62, 933-946.

Xie, B. (2012). Improving older adults' e-health literacy through computer training using NIH online resources. Library & Information Science Research, 34, 63-71.

Xie, B., & Jaeger, P. T. (2008). Older adults and political participation on the Internet: A cross-cultural comparison of the USA and China. Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, 23, 1-15.

Xie, B., Watkins, I., Golbeck, J., & Huang, M. (2012). Understanding and changing older adults' perceptions and learning of social media. Educational Gerontology, 38, 282-296.


Yardley, L., & Nyman, S. R. (2007). Internet provision of tailored advice on falls prevention activities for older people: A randomized controlled evaluation. Health Promotion International, 22, 122-128.

Yoon, J., Yoon, T. E., & George, J. F. (2011). Anticipating information needs for senior portal contents. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 1012-1020.

Young, J., Anstey, K. J., & Cherbuin, N. (2012). Online memory screening – are older adults interested and can it work? Aging & Mental Health, 16, 931-937.


Zhang, Z., Zhang, J., & Zhu, T. (2013). Relationship between Internet use and general belief in a just world among Chinese retirees. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 553-558.