Cyberbullying and Online Aggression

Agatston, P. W., Kowalski, R., & Limber, S. (2007). Students' perspectives on cyber bullying. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, S59-S60.

Akbulut, Y., Sahin, Y. L., & Eristi, B. (2010). Cyberbullying victimization among Turkish online social utility members. Educational Technology & Society, 83, 192-201.

Alvarez, A. R. G. (2012). “IH8U”: Confronting cyberbullying and exploring the use of cybertools in teen dating relationships. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 68, 1205-1215.

Anderson, J., Bresnahan, M., & Musatics, C. (2014). Combating weight-based cyberbullying on Facebook with the dissenter effect. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 281-286.

Ang, R. P., & Goh, D. H. (2010). Cyberbullying among adolescents: The role of affective and cognitive empathy, and gender. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 41, 387-397.

Ang, R. P., Huan, V. S., & Florell, D. (2014) Understanding the relationship between proactive and reactive aggression, and cyberbullying across United States and Singapore adolescent samples. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29, 237–254.

Aoyama, I., Utsumi, S., & Hasegawa, M. (2012). Cyberbullying in Japan: Cases, government reports, adolescent relational aggression, and parental monitoring roles. In Q. Li, D. Cross, & P. K. Smith (Eds.), Cyberbullying in the global playground: Research from international perspectives (pp. 183-201). New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

Appel, M., Stiglbauer, B., Batinic, B., & Holtz, P. (2014). Internet use and verbal aggression: The moderating role of parents and peers. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 235-241.

Aricak, O. T. (2009). Psychiatric symptomatology as a predictor of cyberbullying among university students. Journal of Educational Research, 8, 167-184.

Aricak, T., Siyahhan, S., Uzunhasanoglu, A., Saribeyoglu, S., Ciplak, S., Yilmaz, N., & Memmedov, C. (2008). Cyberbullying among Turkish adolescents. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 253-261.

Arslan, S., Savaser, S., Hallett, V., & Balci, S. (2012). Cyberbullying among primary school students in Turkey: Self-reported prevalence and associations with home and school life. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 15, 527-533.

Atkinson, C., & Newton, D. (2010). Online behaviours of adolescents: Victims, perpetrators and Web 2.0. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16, 107-120.

Baas, N., de Jong, M. D. T., & Drossaert, C. H. C. (2013). Children’s perspectives on cyberbullying: Insights based on participatory research. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 248-253.

Balakrishnan, V. (2015). Cyberbullying among young adults in Malaysia: The roles of gender, age and Internet frequency. Computers in Human Behavior, 46, 149-157.

Barlett, C., & Coyne, S. M. (2014). A meta-analysis of sex differences in cyber-bullying behavior: The moderating role of age. Aggressive Behavior, 40, 474-488.

Bastiaensens, S., Vandebosch, H., Poels, K., Van Cleemput, K., DeSmet, A., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2014). Cyberbullying on social network sites: An experimental study into bystanders’ behavioural intentions to help the victim or reinforce the bully. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 259-271.

Bauman, S. (2010). Cyberbullying in a rural intermediate school: An exploratory study. Journal of Early Adolescence, 30, 803-833.

Bauman, S., Toomey, R. B., & Walker, J. L. (2013). Associations among bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide in high school students. Journal of Adolescence, 36, 341-350.

Beckman, L., Hagquist, C., & Hellström, L. (2012). Does the association with psychosomatic health problems differ between cyberbullying and traditional bullying? Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 17, 421-434.

Beckman, L., Hagquist, C., & Hellstrom, L. (2013). Discrepant gender patterns for cyberbullyiyng and traditional bullying – Ananalysis of Swedish adolescent data. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1896-1903.

Bellmore, A., Calvin, A. J., Xu, J. M., & Zhu, X. (2015). The five W’s of “bullying” on Twitter: Who, What, Why, Where, and When. Computers in Human Behavior, 44, 305-314.

Bertolotti, T., & Magnani, L. (2013). A philosophical and evolutionary approach to cyber-bullying: Social networks and the disruption of sub-moralities. Ethics and Information Technology, 15, 285-299.

Bhat, C. S. (2008). Cyber bullying: Overview and strategies for school counsellors, guidance officers, and all school personnel. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 18, 53-66.

Bonanno, R. A., & Hymel, S. (2013). Cyber bullying and internalizing difficulties: Above and beyond the impact of traditional forms of bullying. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 685-697.

Brewer, G., & Kerslake, J. (2015). Cyberbullying, self-esteem, empathy and loneliness. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 255-260.

Brighi, A., Guarini, A., Melotti, G., Galli, S., & Genta, L. M. (2012). Predictors of victimisation across direct bullying, indirect bullying and cyberbullying. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 17, 375-388.

Brown, C. F., Demaray, M. K., & Secord, S. M. (2014). Cyber victimization in middle school and relations to social emotional outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 35, 12-21.

Bryce, J., & Fraser, J. (2013). ‘‘It’s common sense that it’s wrong’’: Young people’s perceptions and experiences of cyberbullying. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 16, 783-787.

Buchanan, T. (2015). Aggressive priming online: Facebook adverts can prime aggressive cognitions. Computers in Human Behavior, 48, 323-330.

Burrow-Sanchez, J. J., Call, M. E., Zheng, R., & Drew, C. J. (2011). How school counselors can help prevent online victimization. Journal of Counseling & Development, 89, 3-10.

Burton, K. A., Florell, D., & Wygant, D. B. (2013). The role of peer attachment and normative beliefs about aggression on traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Psychology in the Schools, 50, 103-115.

Calvete, E., Orue, I., Estיvez, A., Villardon, L., & Padilla, P. (2010). Cyberbullying in adolescents: Modalities and aggressors’ profile. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1128-1135.

Campbell, M., Spears, B., Slee, P., Butler, D., & Kift, S. (2012). Victims’ perceptions of traditional and cyberbullying, and the psychosocial correlates of their victimisation. Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 17, 389-401.

Casas, J. A., Del Rey, R., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2013). Bullying and cyberbullying: Convergent and divergent predictor variables. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 580-587.

Cassidy, W., Faucher, C., & Jackson, M. (2013). Cyberbullying among youth: A comprehensive review of current international research and its implications and application to policy and practice. School Psychology International, 34, 575-612.

Chang, F.-C., Lee, C.-M., Chiu, C.-H., Hsi, W.-Y., Huang, T.-F., & Pan, Y.-C. (2013). Relationships among cyberbullying, school bullying, and mental health in Taiwanese adolescents. Journal of School Health, 83, 454-462.

Chibbaro, J. S. (2007). School counselors and the cyberbully: Interventions and implications. Professional School Counseling, 11, 65-68.

Ciucci, E., & Baroncelli, A. (2014). Emotion-related personality traits and peer social standing: Unique and interactive effects in cyberbullying behaviors. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 584-590.

Ciucci, E., Baroncelli, A., & Nowicki, S. (2014). Emotion perception accuracy and bias in face-to-face versus cyberbullying. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 175, 382-400.

Clark, C. M., Ahten, S., & Werth, L. (2012). Cyber-bullying and incivility in an online learning environment, part 2: Promoting student success in the virtual classroom. Nurse Educator, 37, 192-197.

Clemente, M., Espinosa, P., & Vidal, M. Á. (2008). The media and violent behavior in young people: Effects of the media on antisocial aggressive behavior in a Spanish sample. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 38, 2395-2409.

Connell, N. M., Schell-Busey, N. M., Pearce, A. N., & Negro, P. (2014). Badgrlz? Exploring sex differences in cyberbullying behaviors. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 12, 209-228.

Crosslin, K., & Golman, M. (2014). “Maybe you don’t want to face it”– College students’ perspectives on cyberbullying. Computers in Human Behavior, 41, 14-20.

Crowell, C. R. (2007). Review of cyberbullying and cyberthreats: Responding to the challenge of online social cruelty, threats and distress. Journal of Moral Education, 36, 539-541.

Cuadrado-Gordillo, I., & Fernandez-Antelo, I. (2014). Cyberspace as a generator of changes in the aggressive-victim role. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 225-233.

Davis, K., Randall, D. P., Ambrose, A., & Orand, M. (2015). ‘I was bullied too’: Stories of bullying and coping in an online community. Information, Communication & Society, 18, 357-375.

Dehue, F., Bolman, C., & Vollink, T. (2008). Cyberbullying: Youngsters' experiences and parental perception. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 11, 217-223.

de Almeida Neto, A. C., Eyland, S., Ware, J., Galouzis, J., & Kevin, M. (2013). Internet sexual offending: Overview of potential contributing factors and intervention strategies. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 20, 168-181.

Del Rey, R., Elipe, P., & Ortega-Ruiz, R. (2012). Bullying and cyberbullying: Overlapping and predictive value of the co-occurrence. Psicothema, 24, 608-613.

Dempsey, A. G., Sulkowski, M. L., Nichols, R., & Storch, E. A. (2009). Differences between peer victimization in cyber and physical settings and associated psychosocial adjustment in early adolescence. Psychology in the Schools, 46, 962-972.

den Hamer, A., Konijn, E. A., & Keijer, M. G. (2014). Cyberbullying behavior and adolescents’ use of media with antisocial content: A cyclic process model. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 74-81.

DeSmet, A., Veldeman, C., Poels, K., Bastiaensens, S., Van Cleemput, K., Vandebosch, H., & De Bourdeaudhuij, I. (2014). Determinants of self-reported bystander behavior in cyberbullying incidents amongst adolescents. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 207-215.

Diamanduros, T., Downs, E., & Jenkins, S. J. (2008). The role of school psychologists in the assessment, prevention, and intervention of cyberbullying. Psychology in the Schools, 45, 693-704.

Didden, R., Scholte, R. H. J., Korzilius, H., de Moor, J. M. H., Vermeulen, A., O’reilly, M., Lang, R., & Lancioni, G. E (2009). Cyberbullying among students with intellectual and developmental disability in special education settings. Developmental Neurorehabilitation, 12, 146-151.

Dillon K. P., & Bushman, B. J. (2015). Unresponsive or un-noticed?: Cyberbystander intervention in an experimental cyberbullying context. Computers in Human Behavior, 45, 144-150.

Doane, A. N., Pearson, M. R., & Kelley, M. L. (2014). Predictors of cyberbullying perpetration among college students: An application of the Theory of Reasoned Action. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 154-162.

Donnerstein, E. (2012). Internet bullying. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 59, 623-633.

Dreßing, H., Bailer, J., Anders, A., Wagner, H., & Gallas, C. (2014). Cyberstalking in a large sample of social network users: Prevalence, characteristics, and impact upon victims. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 61-67.

Dredge, R., Gleeson, J., & de la Piedad Garcia, X. (2014). Cyberbullying in social networking sites: An adolescent victim’s perspective. Computers in Human Behavior, 36, 13-20.

Dredge, R., Gleeson, J. F. M., & de la Piedad Garcia, X. (2014). Risk factors associated with impact severity of cyberbullying victimization: A qualitative study of adolescent online social networking. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 287-291.

Dredge, R., Gleeson, J., & de la Piedad Garcia, X. (2014). Presentation on Facebook and risk of cyberbullying victimisation. Computers in Human Behavior, 40, 16-22.

Dupper, D. R. (2013). Cyberbullying: Taking bullying to new levels of cruelty. In D. R. Dupper (Ed.), School bullying (pp. 28-39). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Ehrenreich, S. E., Underwood, M. K., & Ackerman, R. A. (2014). Adolescents’ text message communication and growth in antisocial behavior across the first year of high school. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 42, 251-264.

Elledge, L. C., Williford, A., Boulton, A. J., DePaolis, K. J., Little, T. D., & Salmivalli, C. (2013). Individual and contextual predictors of cyberbullying: The influence of children’s provictim attitudes and teachers’ ability to intervene. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 698-710.

Erdur-Baker, Ö. (2010). Cyberbullying and its correlation to traditional bullying, gender and frequent and risky usage of Internet-mediated communication tools. New Media & Society, 12, 109-125.

Feinstein, B. A., Bhatia, V., & Davila, J. (2014). Rumination mediates the association between cyber-victimization and depressive symptoms. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29, 1732-1746.

Fenaughty, J., & Harre, N. (2013). Factors associated with young people’s successful resolution of distressing electronic harassment. Computers & Education, 61, 242-250.

Fenaughty, J., & Harre, N. (2013). Factors associated with distressing electronic harassment and cyberbullying. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 803-811.

Festl, R., & Quandt, T. (2013). Social relations and cyberbullying: The influence of individual and structural attributes on victimization and perpetration via the Internet. Human Communication Research, 39, 101-126.

Floros, G. D., Siomos, K. E., Fisoun, V., Dafouli, E., & Geroukalis, D. (2013). Adolescent online cyberbullying in Greece: The impact of parental online security practices, bonding, and online impulsiveness. Journal of School Health, 83, 445-453.

Ford, D. P. (2013). Virtual harassment: Media characteristics’ role in psychological health. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 28, 408-428.

France, K., Danesh, A., & Jirard, S. (2013). Informing aggression–prevention efforts by comparing perpetrators of brief vs. extended cyber aggression. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2143-2149.

Francisco, S. M., Simão, A. M. V., Ferreira, P. C., & das Dores Martins, M. J. (2015). Cyberbullying: The hidden side of college students. Computers in Human Behavior, 43, 167-182.

Frizzo, M. N., Bisol, L. W., & Lara, D. R. (2013). Bullying victimization is associated with dysfunctional emotional traits and affective temperaments. Journal of Affective Disorders, 148, 48-52.

Gámez-Guadix, M., Orue, I., Smith, P. K., & Calvete, E. (2013). Longitudinal and reciprocal relations of cyberbullying with depression, substance use, and problematic Internet use among adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 53, 446-452.

Gearhart, S., & Zhang, W. (2014). Gay bullying and online opinion expression: Testing spiral of silence in the social media environment. Social Science Computer Review, 32, 18-36.

Gibb, Z. G., & Devereux, P. G. (2014). Who does that anyway? Predictors and personality correlates of cyberbullying in college. Computers in Human Behavior, 38, 8-16.

Goetz, M., Kitzlerova, E., Hrdlicka, M., & Dhossche, D. (2013). Combined use of electroconvulsive therapy and Amantadine in adolescent catatonia precipitated by cyber-bullying. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, 23, 228-231.

Gofin, R., & Avitzour, M. (2012). Traditional versus Internet bullying in junior high school students. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 16, 1625-1635.

Griezel, L., Finger, L. R., Bodkin-Andrews, G. H., Craven, R. G., & Yeung, A. S. (2012). Uncovering the structure of and gender and developmental differences in cyber bullying. Journal of Educational Research, 105, 442-455.

Grigg, D. W. (2010). Cyber-aggression: Definition and concept of cyberbullying. Australian Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 20, 143-156.

Heirman, W., & Walrave, M. (2012). Predicting adolescent perpetration in cyberbullying: An application of the theory of planned behavior. Psicothema, 24, 614-620.

Hemphill, S. A., Kotevski, A., Tollit, M., Smith, R., Herrenkohl, T. I., Toumbourou, J. W., & Catalano, R. F. (2012). Longitudinal predictors of cyber and traditional bullying perpetration in Australian secondary school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 51, 59-65.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2007). Offline consequences of online victimization: School violence and delinquency. Journal of School Violence, 6, 89-112.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2008). Cyberbullying: An exploratory analysis of factors related to offending and victimization. Deviant Behavior, 29, 129-156.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2010). Bullying, cyberbullying, and suicide. Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 206-221.

Hinduja, S., & Patchin, J. W. (2013). Social influences on cyberbullying behaviors among middle and high school students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 711-722.

Holfeld, B. (2014). Perceptions and attributions of bystanders to cyber bullying. Computers in Human Behavior, 38, 1-7.

Houghton, S. J., Nathan, E., & Taylor, M. (2012). To bully or not to bully, that is not the question: Western Australian early adolescents’ in search of a reputation. Journal of Adolescent Research, 27, 498-522.

Huang, Y.-Y., & Chou, C. (2010). An analysis of multiple factors of cyberbullying among junior high school students in Taiwan. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1581-1590.

Hull, E. B. (2008). Internet chat in simulations: Taking BULLYING online. Simulation & Gaming, 39, 198-208.

Jacobs, N. C. L, Dehue, F., Völlink, T., & Lechner, L. (2014). Determinants of adolescents' ineffective and improved coping with cyberbullying: A Delphi study. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 373-385.

Jang, H., Song, J., & Kim, R. (2014). Does the offline bully-victimization influence cyberbullying behavior among youths? Application of General Strain Theory. Computers in Human Behavior, 31, 85-93.

Jerabeck, J. M., & Ferguson, C. J. (2013). The influence of solitary and cooperative violent video game play on aggressive and prosocial behavior. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2573-2578.

Jerin, R. A., & Dolinsky, B. (2007). Cyber-victimisation and online dating. In M. T. Whitty, A. J. Baker & J. A. Inman (Eds.), Online matchmaking. (pp. 147-158). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Jerome, L., & Segal, A. (2003). Bullying by Internet. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 751.

Jones, L. M., Mitchell, K. J., & Finkelhor, D. (2013). Online harassment in context: Trends from three youth Internet safety surveys (2000, 2005, 2010). Psychology of Violence, 3, 53-69.

Jung, Y.-E., Leventhal, B., Kim, Y. S., Park, T. W., Lee, S.-H., Lee, M., Park, S. H., Yang, J.-C., Chung, Y.-C., Chung, S.-K., & Park, J.-I. (2014). Cyberbullying, problematic Internet use, and psychopathologic symptoms among Korean youth. Yonsei Medical Journal, 55, 826-830.

Juvonen, J., & Gross, E. F. (2008). Extending the school grounds? Bullying experiences in cyberspace. Journal of School Health, 78, 496-505.

Katz, C. (2013). Internet-related child sexual abuse: What children tell us in their testimonies. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 1536-1542.

Katzer, C., Fetchenhauer, D., & Belschak, F. (2009). Cyberbullying: Who are the victims? A comparison of victimization in Internet chatrooms and victimization in school. Journal of Media Psychology, 21, 25-36.

Kiriakidis, S. P., & Kavoura, A. (2010). Cyberbullying: A review of the literature on harassment through the Internet and other electronic means. Family & Community Health, 33, 82-93.

Kloess, J. A., Beech, A. R., & Harkins, L. (2014). Online child sexual exploitation: Prevalence, process, and offender characteristics. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 15, 126-139.

Kokkinos, C. M., Antoniadou, N., & Markos, A. (2014). Cyber-bullying: An investigation of the psychological profile of university student participants. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 35, 204-214.

Korchmaros, J. D., Mitchell, K. J., & Ybarra, M. L. (2014). Technology-based interpersonal victimization: Predictors of patterns of victimization over time. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 29, 1297-1317.

Korenis, P., & Billick, S. B. (2014). Forensic implications: Adolescent sexting and cyberbullying. Psychiatric Quarterly, 85, 97-101.

Kowalski, R. M., & Fedina, C. (2011). Cyber bullying in ADHD and Asperger syndrome populations. Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, 5, 1201-1208.

Kowalski, R. M., & Limber, S. P. (2007). Electronic bullying among middle school students. Journal of Adolescent Health, 41, S22-S30.

Kraft, E. M., & Wang, J. (2009). Effectiveness of cyber bullying prevention strategies: A study on students’ perspectives. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 3, 513-535.

Kvarme, L. G., Monsen, K. A., & Eboh, W. O. (2014). Evidence-based solution-focused care for school-age children experiencing cyberbullying: Using the Omaha system to guide and document psychiatric nursing interventions. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 52, 34-41.

Kwan, G. C. E., & Skoric, M. M. (2013). Facebook bullying: An extension of battles in school. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 16-25.

Låftman, S. B., Modin, B., & Östberg, V. (2013). Cyberbullying and subjective health: A large-scale study of students in Stockholm, Sweden. Children and Youth Services Review, 35, 112-119.

Lam, L. T., & Li, Y. (2013). The validation of the E-Victimisation Scale (E-VS) and the E-Bullying Scale (E-BS) for adolescents. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 3-7.

Landstedt, E., & Persson, S. (2014). Bullying, cyberbullying, and mental health in young people. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 42, 393-399.

Law, A. K.-Y., & Fung, A. L.-C. (2013). Different forms of online and face-to-face victimization among schoolchildren with pure and co-occurring dimensions of reactive and proactive aggression. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 1224-1233.

Lazuras, L., Barkoukis, V., Ourda, D., & Tsorbatzoudis, H. (2013). A process model of cyberbullying in adolescence. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 881-887.

Leonard, M. M. (2010). I did what I was directed to do but he didn't touch me”: The impact of being a victim of Internet offending. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16, 249-256.

Lester, L., Cross, D., & Shaw, T. (2012). Problem behaviours, traditional bullying and cyberbullying among adolescents: Longitudinal analyses.  Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 17, 435-447.

Leung, A. N., & McBride-Chang, C. (2013). Game on? Online friendship, cyberbullying, and psychosocial adjustment in Hong Kong Chinese children. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 32, 159-185.

Li, Q. (2010). Cyberbullying in high schools: A study of students' behaviors and beliefs about this new phenomenon. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 19, 372-392.

Lin, J.-H. (2013). Do video games exert stronger effects on aggression than film? The role of media interactivity and identification on the association of violent content and aggressive outcomes. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 535-543.

Low, S., & Espelage, D. (2013). Differentiating cyber bullying perpetration from non-physical bullying: Commonalities across race, individual, and family predictors. Psychology of Violence, 3, 39-52.

Lwin, M. O., Li, B., & Ang, R. P. (2012). Stop bugging me: An examination of adolescents’ protection behavior against online harassment. Journal of Adolescence, 35, 31-41.

Machácková, H., Dedkova, L., Sevcikova, A., & Cerna, A. (2013). Bystanders’ support of cyberbullied schoolmates. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology, 23, 25-36.

Machmutow, K., Perren, S., Sticca, F., & Alsaker, F. D. (2012). Peer victimisation and depressive symptoms: Can specific coping strategies buffer the negative impact of cybervictimisation? Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties, 17, 403-420.

Makri-Botsari, E., & Karagianni, G. (2014). Cyberbullying in Greek adolescents: The role of parents. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 3241-3253.

Malamuth, N., Linz, D., & Yao, M. (2005). The Internet and aggression: Motivation, disinhibitory, and opportunity aspects. In Y. Amichai-Hamburger (Ed.), The social net: Human behavior in cyberspace (pp. 163-190). New York: Oxford University Press.

Marcum, C. D., Higgins, G. E., Freiburger, T. L., & Ricketts, M. L. (2012). Battle of the sexes: An examination of male and female cyber bullying. International Journal of Cyber Criminology, 6, 904-911.

Mason, K. L. (2008). Cyberbullying: A preliminary assessment for school personnel. Psychology in the Schools, 45, 323-348.

Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., & Calussi, P. (2011). The measurement of cyberbullying: Dimensional structure and relative item severity and discrimination. CyberPsychology, Behavior and Social Networking, 14, 267-274.

Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., & Camodeca, M. (2013). Morality, values, traditional bullying, and cyberbullying in adolescence. British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 31, 1-14.

Menesini, E., Nocentini, A., Palladino, B. E., Frisén, A., Berne, S., Ortega-Ruiz, R., Calmaestra, J., Scheithauer, H., Schultze-Krumbholz, A., Luik, P., Naruskov, K., Blaya, C., Berthaud, J., & Smith, P. K. (2012). Cyberbullying definition among adolescents: A comparison across six European countries. CyberPsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 15, 455-463.

Merdian, H. L., Curtis, C., Thakker, J., Wilson, N., & Boer, D. P. (2013). The three dimensions of online child pornography offending. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 19, 121-132.

Mesch, G. S. (2009). Parental mediation, online activities, and cyberbullying. CyberPsychology & behavior, 12, 387-393.

Mishna, F., Saini, M., & Solomon, S. (2009). Ongoing and online: Children and youth's perceptions of cyber bullying. Children and Youth Services Review, 31, 1222-1228.

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2003). Victimization of youths on the Internet. Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 8, 1-39.

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., Wolak, J., Ybarra, M. L., & Turner, H. (2011). Youth Internet victimization in a broader victimization context. Journal of Adolescent Health, 48, 128-134.

Mitchell, K. J., Ybarra, M., & Finkelhor, D. (2007). The relative importance of online victimization in understanding depression, delinquency, and substance use. Child Maltreat, 12, 314-324.

Modecki, K. L., Barber, B. L., & Vernon, L. (2013). Mapping developmental precursors of cyber-aggression: Trajectories of risk predict perpetration and victimization. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 651-661.

Müller, C. R., Pfetsch, J., & Ittel, A. (2014). Ethical media competence as a protective factor against cyberbullying and cybervictimization among German school students. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 644-651.

Näsi, M., Räsänen, P., Oksanen, A., Hawdon, J., Keipi, T., & Holkeri, E. (2014). Association between online harassment and exposure to harmful online content: A cross-national comparison between the United States and Finland. Computers in Human Behavior, 41, 137-145

Navarro, R., Serna, C., Martínez, V., & Ruiz-Oliva, R. (2013). The role of Internet use and parental mediation on cyberbullying victimization among Spanish children from rural public schools. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 28, 725-745.

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